Myocardial triacylglycerol metabolism. Kienesberger PC, Pulinilkunnil T, Nagendran J, Dyck JR. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2013 Feb;55:101-10.

Myocardial triacylglycerol (TAG) constitutes a highly dynamic fatty acid (FA) storage pool that can be used for an energy reserve in the cardiomyocyte. However, derangements in myocardial TAG metabolism and accumulation are commonly associated with cardiac disease, suggesting an important role of intramyocardial TAG turnover in the regulation of cardiac function. In cardiomyocytes, TAG is synthesized by acyltransferases and phosphatases at the sarcoplasmic reticulum and mitochondrial membrane and then packaged into cytosolic lipid droplets for temporary storage or into lipoproteins for secretion. A complex interplay among lipases, lipase regulatory proteins, and lipid droplet scaffold proteins leads to the controlled release of FAs from the cardiac TAG pool for subsequent mitochondrial β-oxidation and energy production. With the identification and characterization of proteins involved in myocardial TAG metabolism as well as the identification of the importance of cardiac TAG turnover, it is now evident that adequate regulation of myocardial TAG metabolism is critical for both cardiac energy metabolism and function. In this article, we review the current understanding of myocardial TAG metabolism and discuss the potential role of myocardial TAG turnover in cardiac health and disease.

This article is part of a Special Issue entitled “Focus on Cardiac Metabolism”.

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